About the Authors

Milly Marston

milly.marston@lshtm.ac.uk

Affiliation London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Jessica Nakiyingi-Miiro

Affiliation Medical Research Council, Entebbe, Uganda

Victoria Hosegood

Affiliations Africa Centre for Health and Population Studies, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Somkhele, South Africa, Faculty of Medicine, Faculty of Social and Human Sciences, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom

Tom Lutalo

Affiliation TAZAMA Project, National Institute of Medical Research, Mwanza, Tanzania

Baltazar Mtenga

Affiliation Rakai Health Sciences Program, Kalisizo, Rakai, Uganda

Basia Zaba

Affiliation London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

on behalf of the ALPHA network

Membership of the ALPHA network is provided in the Acknowledgments.

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Analyzed the data: MM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: VH TL JN BM MM. Wrote the paper: MM BZ VH TL JN.