About the Authors

Daniel P. Cariveau

dcarivea@umn.edu

Affiliations Department of Entomology, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, Minnesota, United States of America, Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Natural Resources, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States of America

Geetha K. Nayak

Affiliation Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Natural Resources, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States of America

Ignasi Bartomeus

Affiliation Departamento Ecología Integrativa, Estación Biológica de Doñana (EDB-CSIC), Avda. Américo Vespucio s/n, Isla de la Cartuja, 41092, Sevilla, Spain

Joseph Zientek

Affiliation Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Natural Resources, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States of America

John S. Ascher

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, National University of Singapore, 14 Science Drive 4, Singapore, 117543, Singapore

Jason Gibbs

Affiliation Department of Entomology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America

Rachael Winfree

Affiliation Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Natural Resources, Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: RW. Performed the experiments: GKN JZ. Analyzed the data: DPC IB. Wrote the paper: DPC GKN IB JZ JSA JG RW. Identified the bee specimens: JSA JG.