About the Authors

Brian A. Murphy

Affiliations Department of Biomedical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, 44106, United States of America, Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center, 10701 East Boulevard, Cleveland, OH, 44106, United States of America

Jonathan P. Miller

Affiliation Department of Neurosurgery, Neurological Institute, University Hospitals Case Medical Center, 11100 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, 44106, United States of America

Kabilar Gunalan

Affiliation Department of Biomedical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, 44106, United States of America

A. Bolu Ajiboye

aba20@case.edu

Affiliations Department of Biomedical Engineering, Case Western Reserve University, 10900 Euclid Avenue, Cleveland, OH, 44106, United States of America, Louis Stokes Cleveland VA Medical Center, 10701 East Boulevard, Cleveland, OH, 44106, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: BAM ABA. Performed the experiments: BAM. Analyzed the data: BAM ABA KG. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: BAM ABA KG JPM. Wrote the paper: BAM ABA JPM KG. Planned and Performed SEEG Placement Surgeries: JPM.