About the Authors

Bruce A. Hungate

Contributed equally to this work with: Bruce A. Hungate, Diana N. Kearns

bruce.hungate@nau.edu

Affiliation Center for Ecosystem Science and Society, Colorado Plateau Stable Isotope Laboratory, and Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ, 86011, United States of America

Diana N. Kearns

Contributed equally to this work with: Bruce A. Hungate, Diana N. Kearns

Affiliation Oregon Department of Agriculture, Plant Division, Salem, OR, 97301, United States of America

Kiona Ogle

Affiliations Center for Ecosystem Science and Society, Colorado Plateau Stable Isotope Laboratory, and Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ, 86011, United States of America, Informatics and Computing Program, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ, 86011, United States of America

Melanie Caron

Affiliation Center for Ecosystem Science and Society, Colorado Plateau Stable Isotope Laboratory, and Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ, 86011, United States of America

Jane C. Marks

Affiliation Center for Ecosystem Science and Society, Colorado Plateau Stable Isotope Laboratory, and Department of Biological Sciences, Northern Arizona University, Flagstaff, AZ, 86011, United States of America

Helmuth W. Rogg

Affiliation Oregon Department of Agriculture, Plant Division, Salem, OR, 97301, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DNK HWR BAH. Performed the experiments: DNK MC BAH. Analyzed the data: KO BAH JCM MC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KO BAH MC HWR DNK. Wrote the paper: BAH DNK KO MC JCM.