About the Authors

Daniele Fanelli

email@danielefanelli.com

Affiliation Meta-Research Innovation Center at Stanford (METRICS), 1070 Arastradero road, Stanford University, Palo Alto, 94304, California, United States of America

Vincent Larivière

Affiliation École de bibliothéconomie et des sciences de l'information, Université de Montréal C.P. 6128, Succ. Centre-Ville, Montréal, QC, H3C 3J7 Canada and OST-CIRST, Université du Québec à Montréal, C.P. 8888, Succ. Centre-Ville, Montréal, QC, H3C 3P8, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DF VL. Performed the experiments: DF VL. Analyzed the data: DF. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: VL. Wrote the paper: DF.