About the Authors

Miao Wang

Contributed equally to this work with: Miao Wang, Andrew E. Moran

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, Beijing, China

Andrew E. Moran

Contributed equally to this work with: Miao Wang, Andrew E. Moran

Affiliation Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, Columbia University, New York, New York, United States of America

Jing Liu

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, Beijing, China

Pamela G. Coxson

Affiliation Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, United States of America

Joanne Penko

Affiliation Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, United States of America

Lee Goldman

Affiliation Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, New York, United States of America

Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo

Affiliation Division of General Internal Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of California at San Francisco, San Francisco, United States of America

Dong Zhao

deezhao@vip.sina.com

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing Institute of Heart, Lung and Blood Vessel Diseases, Beijing, China

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DZ AEM MW KBD JL JP. Performed the experiments: MW PGC. Analyzed the data: MW PGC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DZ LG PGC AEM JL JP MW. Wrote the paper: MW AEM DZ JL LG KBD PGC JP. Designed the model calibration and validation method: AEM. Calibrated the model: MW. Had access to the CVD Policy Model software, original data, and approved this manuscript: MW AEM DZ JL LG KBD PGC JP.