About the Authors

Sheila F. Faraj

Contributed equally to this work with: Sheila F. Faraj, Stephania M. Bezerra

Affiliation Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Stephania M. Bezerra

Contributed equally to this work with: Sheila F. Faraj, Stephania M. Bezerra

Affiliation Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Kasra Yousefi

Affiliation GenomeDx Biosciences, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Helen Fedor

Affiliation Department of Urology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Stephanie Glavaris

Affiliation Department of Urology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Misop Han

Affiliation Department of Urology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Alan W. Partin

Affiliation Department of Urology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Elizabeth Humphreys

Affiliation Department of Urology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Jeffrey Tosoian

Affiliation Department of Urology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Michael H. Johnson

Affiliation Department of Urology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Elai Davicioni

Affiliation GenomeDx Biosciences, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada

Bruce J. Trock

Affiliation Department of Urology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Edward M. Schaeffer

Affiliation Department of Urology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Ashley E. Ross

Affiliations Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America, Department of Urology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America, Department of Oncology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

George J. Netto

gnetto1@jhmi.edu

Affiliations Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America, Department of Urology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America, Department of Oncology, Johns Hopkins Medical Institutions, Baltimore, Maryland, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. This does not alter the authors' adherence to PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: GJN AER ED BJT EMS AWP. Performed the experiments: SFF SMB SG HF JT MHJ. Analyzed the data: KY GJN SG ED BJT EH MH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: GJN EMS AER. Wrote the paper: SFF GJN AER EMS KY.