About the Authors

Michael J. Ford

mike.ford@noaa.gov

Affiliation Conservation Biology Division, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 2725 Montlake Blvd E, Seattle, Washington, 98112, United States of America

Jennifer Hempelmann

Affiliation Conservation Biology Division, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 2725 Montlake Blvd E, Seattle, Washington, 98112, United States of America

M. Bradley Hanson

Affiliation Conservation Biology Division, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 2725 Montlake Blvd E, Seattle, Washington, 98112, United States of America

Katherine L. Ayres

Affiliation Center for Conservation Biology, Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, 98195, United States of America

Robin W. Baird

Affiliation Cascadia Research Collective, Olympia, Washington, 98501, United States of America

Candice K. Emmons

Affiliation Conservation Biology Division, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 2725 Montlake Blvd E, Seattle, Washington, 98112, United States of America

Jessica I. Lundin

Affiliation Center for Conservation Biology, Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, 98195, United States of America

Gregory S. Schorr

Affiliation Cascadia Research Collective, Olympia, Washington, 98501, United States of America

Samuel K. Wasser

Affiliation Center for Conservation Biology, Department of Biology, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington, 98195, United States of America

Linda K. Park

Affiliation Conservation Biology Division, Northwest Fisheries Science Center, National Marine Fisheries Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 2725 Montlake Blvd E, Seattle, Washington, 98112, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MJF JH LKP. Performed the experiments: JH LKP. Analyzed the data: MJF JH LKP. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MJF JH MBH KLA RWB CKE JIL GSS SKW LKP. Wrote the paper: MJF JH MBH KLA RWB CKE JIL GSS SKW LKP.