About the Authors

Jesús Olivero

‡ These authors are co-first authors on this work.

Affiliation Grupo de Biogeografía, Diversidad y Conservación, Departamento de Biología Animal, Universidad de Málaga, Facultad de Ciencias, Málaga, Spain

John E. Fa

jfa949@gmail.com

‡ These authors are co-first authors on this work.

Affiliations Division of Biology and Conservation Ecology, School of Science and the Environment, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, United Kingdom, Center for International Forestry Research (CIFOR), CIFOR Headquarters, Bogor, Indonesia

Miguel A. Farfán

‡ These authors are co-first authors on this work.

Affiliation Grupo de Biogeografía, Diversidad y Conservación, Departamento de Biología Animal, Universidad de Málaga, Facultad de Ciencias, Málaga, Spain

Jerome Lewis

‡ These authors are co-first authors on this work.

Affiliation Department of Anthropology, University College London, London, United Kingdom

Barry Hewlett

Affiliation Department of Anthropology, Washington State University, Vancouver, Washington, United States of America

Thomas Breuer

Affiliation Global Conservation Program, Wildlife Conservation Society, Bronx, New York, United States of America

Giuseppe M. Carpaneto

Affiliation Dipartimento di Scienze, Università Roma Tre, Rome, Italy

María Fernández

Affiliation Asociación Zerca y Lejos, Madrid, Spain

Francesco Germi

Affiliation 46 Elm Row, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Shiho Hattori

Affiliation Faculty of International Studies, Tenri University, Tenri City, Nara, Japan

Josephine Head

Affiliation Chameleon Strategy, London, United Kingdom

Mitsuo Ichikawa

Affiliation 46 Yoshida-Shimoadachi, Sakyo, Kyoto, Japan

Koichi Kitanaishi

Affiliation Faculty of Education, Yamaguchi University, Yoshida, Yamaguchi-shi Yamaguchi, Japan

Jessica Knights

Affiliation Department of Anthropology, University College London, London, United Kingdom

Naoki Matsuura

Affiliation Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Kyoto University, Shimoadachi-cho, Yoshida, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan

Andrea Migliano

Affiliation Department of Anthropology, University College London, London, United Kingdom

Barbara Nese

Affiliation COOPI-Cooperazione Internazionale ONG Onlus, Milano–I, Italy

Andrew Noss

Affiliation Department of Geography, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida, United States of America

Dieudonné Ongbwa Ekoumou

Affiliation Institut Santé et Société, Université du Québec à Montréal, Montréal, Québec, Canada

Pascale Paulin

Affiliation DDL Lab. CNRS—Université Lumière Lyon 2, Lyon, France

Raimundo Real

Affiliation Grupo de Biogeografía, Diversidad y Conservación, Departamento de Biología Animal, Universidad de Málaga, Facultad de Ciencias, Málaga, Spain

Mike Riddell

Affiliation Bioclimate, Research and Development, Edinburgh, United Kingdom

Edward G. J. Stevenson

Affiliation Department of Anthropology, Durham University, Durham, United Kingdom

Mikako Toda

Affiliation Graduate School of Asian and African Area Studies, Kyoto University, Shimoadachi-cho, Yoshida, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto, Japan

J. Mario Vargas

Affiliation Grupo de Biogeografía, Diversidad y Conservación, Departamento de Biología Animal, Universidad de Málaga, Facultad de Ciencias, Málaga, Spain

Hirokazu Yasuoka

Affiliation Faculty of Humanity and Environment, Hosei University, Fujimi, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo, Japan

Robert Nasi

Affiliation Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR), CIFOR Headquarters, Jalan CIFOR, Situ Gede, Bogor, Indonesia

Competing Interests

There is no competing interest. The authors declare no competing financial interests. Funding received has been for the execution of the work reported in this paper. None of the authors are members of any organisation that dictate or influence the results or discussions in this paper.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JEF JO RN. Performed the experiments: TB GMC MF FG BH SH JH MI KK JK JL NM AM BN AN DOE PP MR EGJS MT HY. Analyzed the data: JO MAF JEF RR JMV. Wrote the paper: JO JEF.