About the Authors

Christine Bonnal

Contributed equally to this work with: Christine Bonnal, Christopher Leleu

christine.bonnal@aphp.fr

Affiliation AP-HP, Bichat-Claude Bernard Hospital, Infection Control Unit, F-75018, Paris, France

Christopher Leleu

Contributed equally to this work with: Christine Bonnal, Christopher Leleu

Affiliations University Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France, University Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, Paris, France

Olivier Brugière

Affiliation AP-HP, Service de Pneumologie B, Unité de Transplantation Pulmonaire, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire Bichat-Claude Bernard, Paris, France

Christian Chochillon

Affiliation AP-HP, Laboratory of Parasitology and Mycology, Bichat-Claude Bernard University Hospital, Paris, France

Raphael Porcher

Affiliation Centre de Recherche Epidémiologie et Statistique Sorbonne Paris Cité, UMR 1153, Inserm, Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France

Pierre-Yves Boelle

Affiliations University Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France, INSERM, Institut Pierre Louis d’Epidémiologie et de Santé Publique–U1136, Paris, France

Jean Menotti

Affiliations AP-HP, Bichat-Claude Bernard Hospital, Infection Control Unit, F-75018, Paris, France, AP-HP, Laboratory of Parasitology and Mycology, Saint-Louis University Hospital, Paris, France

Sandrine Houze

Affiliations AP-HP, Laboratory of Parasitology and Mycology, Bichat-Claude Bernard University Hospital, Paris, France, UMR 216, Mère et enfants face aux infections tropicales, Faculté des Sciences Pharmaceutiques et Biologiques, Université Paris Descartes, Paris, France

Jean-Christophe Lucet

Affiliations University Pierre et Marie Curie-Paris 6, Paris, France, Paris Diderot University, IAME, UMR 1137, F-75018 Paris, France

Francis Derouin

† Deceased.

Affiliations AP-HP, Bichat-Claude Bernard Hospital, Infection Control Unit, F-75018, Paris, France, AP-HP, Laboratory of Parasitology and Mycology, Saint-Louis University Hospital, Paris, France

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CL CB JCL FD. Performed the experiments: CL OB CC JM SH. Analyzed the data: CL CB JCL RP PYB FD. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: PYB RP JM. Wrote the paper: CB JCL JM FD.