About the Authors

Eduardo B. Moffa

Affiliations The University of Western Ontario, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, Department of Dentistry and Biochemistry, London, ON, Canada, UNESP – Univ. Estadual Paulista – Araraquara Dental School, Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics, São Paulo, Brazil, CEUMA University, Department of Prosthodontics, Sao Luis, MA, Brazil, Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Orthodontics and Public Health, Bauru Dental School, USP – University of São Paulo, Bauru, SP, Brazil

Maria A. A. M. Machado

Affiliation Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Orthodontics and Public Health, Bauru Dental School, USP – University of São Paulo, Bauru, SP, Brazil

Maria C. M. Mussi

Affiliations The University of Western Ontario, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, Department of Dentistry and Biochemistry, London, ON, Canada, University of São Paulo, School of Dentistry, São Paulo, SP, Brazil

Yizhi Xiao

Affiliation The University of Western Ontario, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, Department of Dentistry and Biochemistry, London, ON, Canada

Saulo S. Garrido

Affiliation UNESP – Univ. Estadual Paulista – Institute of Chemistry – Department of Biochemistry and Technological Chemistry, São Paulo, Brazil

Eunice T. Giampaolo

Affiliation UNESP – Univ. Estadual Paulista – Araraquara Dental School, Department of Dental Materials and Prosthodontics, São Paulo, Brazil

Walter L. Siqueira

walter.siqueira@uwo.ca

Affiliation The University of Western Ontario, Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry, Department of Dentistry and Biochemistry, London, ON, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: WLS EBM SSG MAAMM. Performed the experiments: EBM YX MCMM. Analyzed the data: EBM WLS YX. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: WLS EBM ETG SSG YX. Wrote the paper: WLS EBM MCMM MAAMM.