About the Authors

Winston E. Anthony

Current address: Department of Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, Massachusetts, United States of America

Evan C. Palmer-Young

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, Massachusetts, United States of America

Anne S. Leonard

Current address: Department of Biology, University of Nevada Reno, Reno, Nevada, United States of America

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, Massachusetts, United States of America

Rebecca E. Irwin

Affiliations Department of Biological Sciences, Dartmouth College, Hanover, New Hampshire, United States of America, Department of Applied Ecology, North Carolina State University, Raleigh, North Carolina, United States of America

Lynn S. Adler

lsadler@bio.umass.edu

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Amherst, Massachusetts, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: WEA LSA ASL REI. Performed the experiments: WEA ASL. Analyzed the data: ECPY LSA WEA. Wrote the paper: ECPY LSA WEA REI. Reviewed and edited the manuscript: ASL.