About the Authors

Faisal Hossain

fhossain@uw.edu

Affiliation Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Washington, More Hall 201, Seattle, Washington, 98195, United States of America

Jeffrey Arnold

Affiliation US Army Corps of Engineers, Institute of Water Resources, Seattle, Washington, 9815, United States of America

Ed Beighley

Affiliation Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Northeastern University, 360 Huntington Avenue Boston, Masschusetts, 02115, United States of America

Casey Brown

Affiliation Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Massachusetts Amherst, 130 Natural Resources Road, Amherst, Massachusetts, 01003, United States of America

Steve Burian

Affiliation University of Utah, Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 110 Central Campus Drive, Ste 2044, Salt Lake City, Utah, 84112, United States of America

Ji Chen

Affiliation Department of Civil Engineering, Pokfulam Road, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, People’s Republic of China

Anindita Mitra

Affiliation CREÄ Affiliates, 2319 N 45th Street, Seattle, Washington, 98103, United States of America

Dev Niyogi

Affiliation Earth and Atmospheric Sciences, Purdue University, 550 Stadium Mall Drive, West Lafayette, Indiana, 47907, United States of America

Roger Pielke Sr.

Affiliation University of Colorado, CIRES, Boulder, Colorado, 80309–0216, United States of America

Vincent Tidwell

Affiliation Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico, 87185, United States of America

Dave Wegner

Affiliation U.S. House of Representatives, Washington, DC, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: FH JA EB CB SB JC AM DN RP VT DW. Performed the experiments: FH. Analyzed the data: FH JA EB CB SB JC AM DN RP VT DW. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: FH. Wrote the paper: FH. Proofread the manuscript: FH JA EB CB SB JC AM DN RP VT DW.