About the Authors

Caroline B. Turner

Affiliations Ecology, Evolutionary Biology and Behavior Program, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America, Department of Integrative Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America, BEACON Center for the Study of Evolution in Action, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America

Zachary D. Blount

Affiliations BEACON Center for the Study of Evolution in Action, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America, Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America

Richard E. Lenski

lenski@msu.edu

Affiliations Ecology, Evolutionary Biology and Behavior Program, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America, Department of Integrative Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America, BEACON Center for the Study of Evolution in Action, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America, Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, Michigan, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CBT ZDB REL. Performed the experiments: CBT. Analyzed the data: CBT REL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: ZDB REL. Wrote the paper: CBT ZDB REL.