About the Authors

Terence Dwyer

Affiliations The George Institute for Global Health, Oxford, United Kingdom, Menzies Research Institute, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Angela Pezic

Affiliation Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Cong Sun

Affiliations Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Jenny Cochrane

Affiliation Menzies Research Institute, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia

Alison Venn

Affiliation Menzies Research Institute, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia

Velandai Srikanth

Affiliation Stroke and Ageing Research Group, Medicine, School of Clinical Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Graeme Jones

Affiliation Menzies Research Institute, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia

Robin Shook

Affiliation Iowa State University of Science and Technology, Ames, Iowa, United States of America

Xuemei Sui

Affiliations Iowa State University of Science and Technology, Ames, Iowa, United States of America, Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, United States of America

Andrew Ortaglia

Affiliations Iowa State University of Science and Technology, Ames, Iowa, United States of America, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, United States of America

Steven Blair

Affiliations Iowa State University of Science and Technology, Ames, Iowa, United States of America, Department of Exercise Science, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, United States of America, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Arnold School of Public Health, University of South Carolina, Columbia, South Carolina, United States of America

Anne-Louise Ponsonby

anne-louise.ponsonby@mcri.edu.au

Affiliations Menzies Research Institute, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Royal Children’s Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia

Competing Interests

The authors note that although they received funding from commercial sources: Abbott Australasia, Alphapharm, Aventis Pharmaceutical, AstraZeneca, Bristol-Myers Squibb Pharmaceuticals, Eli Lilly (Australia), GlaxoSmithKline, Janssen-Cilag (Australia), Merck Lipha, Merck Sharp and Dohme (Australia), Novartis Pharmaceutical (Australia), Novo Nordisk Pharmaceutical, Pharmacia and Upjohn, Pfizer, Roche Diagnostics, Sanofi Synthelabo (Australia), Servier Laboratories (Australia), BioRad Laboratories, Hitech Pathology, these commercial funders/professional associations had no involvement or control over the preparation of results for publication. The authors have no conflicts of interest that alter their adherence to all PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials. Steve N. Blair receives book royalties (<$5,000/year) from Human Kinetics; and honoraria for lectures and consultations from scientific, educational, and lay groups which are donated to the University of South Carolina or not-for-profit organizations. Dr. Blair is a consultant on research projects with the University of Texas-Southwestern Medical School and the University of Miami. He serves as the Vice-President of the Global Energy Balance Network, a not-for-profit professional organization. During the past 5-year period Dr. Blair has received research grants from BodyMedia, The Coca-Cola Company, the U.S. National Institutes of Health, and U.S. Department of Defense. All other authors declare no competing interest.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TD ALP AV VS GJ JC. Performed the experiments: TD ALP AV VS GJ JC. Analyzed the data: TD AP CS JC AO ALP. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TD AP CS JC AV VS GJ ALP. Wrote the paper: TD AP CS JC AV VS GJ RS XS AO SB ALP.