About the Authors

Joel F. Gibson

Affiliations Biodiversity Institute of Ontario and Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada, Environment Canada, Canada Centre for Inland Waters, Burlington, Ontario, Canada

Shadi Shokralla

Affiliation Biodiversity Institute of Ontario and Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada

Colin Curry

Affiliation Environment Canada, Canadian Rivers Institute, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

Donald J. Baird

Affiliation Environment Canada, Canadian Rivers Institute, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

Wendy A. Monk

Affiliation Canadian Rivers Institute, University of New Brunswick, Fredericton, New Brunswick, Canada

Ian King

Affiliation Biodiversity Institute of Ontario and Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada

Mehrdad Hajibabaei

mhajibab@uoguelph.ca

Affiliation Biodiversity Institute of Ontario and Department of Integrative Biology, University of Guelph, Guelph, Ontario, Canada

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JFG SS DJB MH. Performed the experiments: JFG SS CC DJB WAM IK MH. Analyzed the data: JEG SS CC DJB WAM IK MH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DJB MH. Wrote the paper: JFG SS CC DJB WAM IK MH.