About the Authors

Yan P. Yu

Contributed equally to this work with: Yan P. Yu, Silvia Liu

Affiliation Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Silvia Liu

Contributed equally to this work with: Yan P. Yu, Silvia Liu

Affiliation Department of Biostatistics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Zhiguang Huo

Affiliation Department of Biostatistics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Amantha Martin

Affiliation Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Joel B. Nelson

Affiliation Department of Urology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

George C. Tseng

Affiliation Department of Biostatistics, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Jian-Hua Luo

luoj@msx.upmc.edu

Affiliation Department of Pathology, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JL YY JN GT. Performed the experiments: YY SL ZH. Analyzed the data: GTYY SL ZH JL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JN JL AM. Wrote the paper: JL YY GT AM.