About the Authors

Russell T. Hogg


Affiliation Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Florida Gulf Coast University, Fort Myers, Florida, United States of America

Laurie R. Godfrey

Affiliation Department of Anthropology, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, Amherst, Massachusetts, United States of America

Gary T. Schwartz

Affiliation Institute of Human Origins and School of Human Evolution and Social Change, Arizona State University, Tempe, Arizona, United States of America

Wendy Dirks

Affiliation Department of Anthropology, Durham University, Durham, United Kingdom

Timothy G. Bromage

Affiliation Department of Biomaterials and Biomimetics, and Department of Basic Science and Craniofacial Biology, New York University College of Dentistry, New York, New York, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: RTH LRG GTS WD TGB. Performed the experiments: RTH GTS WD TGB. Analyzed the data: RTH GTS LRG. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: RTH LRG GTS WD TGB. Wrote the paper: RTH LRG GTS TGB. Edited the manuscript: RTH LRG GTS WD TGB.