About the Authors

Amnon Rapoport

Affiliation School of Business Administration, Anderson Hall, 900 University Avenue, University of California, Riverside, California 92521–0203, United States of America

Darryl A. Seale


Affiliation Lee Business School, University of Nevada, University of Nevada Las Vegas, 4505 Maryland Parkway—Box 456009, Las Vegas, Nevada 89154–6009, United States of America

Andrew M. Colman

Affiliation School of Psychology, University of Leicester, Leicester LE1 7RH, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AR. Performed the experiments: AR DS. Analyzed the data: AR DS AC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AR DS AC. Wrote the paper: AR DS AC. Proposed the original idea and drafted the manuscript: AR. Performed the computer simulations: DS. Contributed critical revisions: AC.