About the Authors

Lindsey Chambers

Contributed equally to this work with: Lindsey Chambers, Ying Yang, Heather Littier

Affiliation Department of Dairy Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

Ying Yang

Contributed equally to this work with: Lindsey Chambers, Ying Yang, Heather Littier

Affiliation University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

Heather Littier

Contributed equally to this work with: Lindsey Chambers, Ying Yang, Heather Littier

Affiliation Department of Dairy Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

Partha Ray

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Department of Dairy Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

Tong Zhang

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

Amy Pruden

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

Michael Strickland

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

Katharine Knowlton

kknowlto@vt.edu

Affiliation Department of Dairy Science, Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, Blacksburg, Virginia, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: LC AP KK. Performed the experiments: LC HL. Analyzed the data: LC PR YY TZ MS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: AP. Wrote the paper: LC KK AP MS YY TZ.