About the Authors

Daniel Tom-Aba

Contributed equally to this work with: Daniel Tom-Aba, Adeniyi Olaleye, Adebola Tolulope Olayinka, Saliu Oladele

dtomaba@gmail.com

Affiliation African Field Epidemiology Network, Abuja Office, Abuja, Nigeria

Adeniyi Olaleye

Contributed equally to this work with: Daniel Tom-Aba, Adeniyi Olaleye, Adebola Tolulope Olayinka, Saliu Oladele

Affiliation UNICEF Office, Lagos, Nigeria

Adebola Tolulope Olayinka

Contributed equally to this work with: Daniel Tom-Aba, Adeniyi Olaleye, Adebola Tolulope Olayinka, Saliu Oladele

Affiliations Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

Patrick Nguku

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria

Ndadilnasiya Waziri

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria

Peter Adewuyi

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria

Olawunmi Adeoye

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Nigeria Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Programme, Abuja, Nigeria

Saliu Oladele

Contributed equally to this work with: Daniel Tom-Aba, Adeniyi Olaleye, Adebola Tolulope Olayinka, Saliu Oladele

Affiliation WHO Country Office, Abuja, Nigeria

Aderonke Adeseye

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Lagos State Ministry of Health, Lagos, Nigeria

Olukayode Oguntimehin

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Lagos State Primary Health Care Board, Lagos, Nigeria

Faisal Shuaib

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Federal Ministry of Health, Abuja, Nigeria

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: ATO DTA PN FS. Performed the experiments: DTA AO SO PA OA NW OO AA. Analyzed the data: DTA ATO AO PN SO AA. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: OO FS PN. Wrote the paper: ATO DTA AO SO AA PN.