About the Authors

Emanuele Luciani

Affiliation Clinical-based Human Research Department, Research Division, C.O.ME. Collaboration, Pescara, Italy

Patrick L. S. van Dun

Affiliations Research Division, C.O.ME. Collaboration, Mechelen, Belgium, Free University of Brussels, Department of Osteopathic Sciences, Brussels, Belgium

Jorge Eduardo Esteves

Affiliations Clinical-based Human Research Department, Research Division, C.O.ME. Collaboration, Pescara, Italy, British School of Osteopathy (BSO), London, United Kingdom

Christian Lunghi

Affiliations Clinical-based Human Research Department, Research Division, C.O.ME. Collaboration, Pescara, Italy, Centro Ricerche Olistiche per la Medicina Osteopatica e Naturale (CROMON), Rome, Italy

Marco Petracca

Affiliation Centre pour l'Etude, la Recherche et la Diffusion Osteopathiques (CERDO), Rome, Italy

Liria Papa

Affiliation International College of Osteopathic Medicine (ICOM), Milan, Italy

Olivier Merdy

Affiliation Institut des Hautes Etudes Ostéopathiques (IdHEO), Orvault, France

Anne Jäkel

Affiliation European School of Osteopathy (ESO), Maidstone, United Kingdom

Francesco Cerritelli

francesco.cerritelli@gmail.com

Affiliation Clinical-based Human Research Department, Research Division, C.O.ME. Collaboration, Pescara, Italy

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: EL FC. Performed the experiments: EL FC PVD JE CL MP LP OM AJ. Analyzed the data: FC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: PVD FC CL MP OM AJ JE LP. Wrote the paper: EL FC PVD JE CL MP LP OM AJ.