About the Authors

Keisuke Saito

Contributed equally to this work with: Keisuke Saito, Shin-ichi Hisasue

Affiliation Department of Urology, Teikyo University, School of Medicine, Kaga 2-11-1, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, 173–8605, Japan

Shin-ichi Hisasue

Contributed equally to this work with: Keisuke Saito, Shin-ichi Hisasue

Affiliation Department of Urology, Juntendo University, Graduate School of Medicine, Hongo 2-1-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113–0033, Japan

Hisamitsu Ide

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Department of Urology, Teikyo University, School of Medicine, Kaga 2-11-1, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, 173–8605, Japan

Hiroaki Aoki

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Department of Urology, Juntendo University, Graduate School of Medicine, Hongo 2-1-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113–0033, Japan

Satoru Muto

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Department of Urology, Teikyo University, School of Medicine, Kaga 2-11-1, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, 173–8605, Japan

Raizo Yamaguchi

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Department of Urology, Teikyo University, School of Medicine, Kaga 2-11-1, Itabashi-ku, Tokyo, 173–8605, Japan

Akira Tsujimura

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Department of Urology, Juntendo University, Graduate School of Medicine, Hongo 2-1-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113–0033, Japan

Shigeo Horie

shorie@juntendo.ac.jp

‡ These authors also contributed equally to this work.

Affiliation Department of Urology, Juntendo University, Graduate School of Medicine, Hongo 2-1-1, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo, 113–0033, Japan

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KS SIH HI SH. Performed the experiments: KS SM. Analyzed the data: SIH AT HA. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KS SIH RY. Wrote the paper: KS SIH.