About the Authors

Tulika Arora

Contributed equally to this work with: Tulika Arora, Vidya Velagapudi

Affiliation Wallenberg Laboratory and Sahlgrenska Center for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Institute of Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden

Vidya Velagapudi

Contributed equally to this work with: Tulika Arora, Vidya Velagapudi

Affiliations VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland, Metabolomics Unit, Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland FIMM, Helsinki, Finland

Dimitri J. Pournaras

Affiliation Department of Bariatric Surgery, Musgrove Park Hospital, Taunton, United Kingdom

Richard Welbourn

Affiliation Department of Bariatric Surgery, Musgrove Park Hospital, Taunton, United Kingdom

Carel W. le Roux

Affiliations Diabetes Complications Research Centre, Conway Institute, School of Medicine and Medical Science, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland, Gastrosurgical Laboratory, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden

Matej Orešič

Affiliations VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo, Finland, Steno Diabetes Center A/S, Gentofte, Denmark

Fredrik Bäckhed

Fredrik.Backhed@wlab.gu.se

Affiliations Wallenberg Laboratory and Sahlgrenska Center for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research, Department of Molecular and Clinical Medicine, Institute of Medicine, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden, Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research, Section for Metabolic Receptology and Enteroendocrinology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: CR FB. Performed the experiments: VV. Analyzed the data: TA VV MO FB. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DJP RW CR. Wrote the paper: TA VV CR FB.