About the Authors

Antonella Cerino

Affiliation Research Laboratories, Department of Infectious Diseases, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy

Corinna M. Bremer

Affiliation Institute of Medical Virology, National Reference Centre for Hepatitis B and D Viruses, German Center for Infection Research, Justus-Liebig University of Giessen, Giessen, Germany

Dieter Glebe

Affiliation Institute of Medical Virology, National Reference Centre for Hepatitis B and D Viruses, German Center for Infection Research, Justus-Liebig University of Giessen, Giessen, Germany

Mario U. Mondelli

mario.mondelli@unipv.it

Affiliations Research Laboratories, Department of Infectious Diseases, Fondazione IRCCS Policlinico San Matteo, Pavia, Italy, Department of Internal Medicine and Therapeutics, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy

Competing Interests

Co-author Mario U. Mondelli is a PLOS ONE Editorial Board member. This does not alter the authors' adherence to PLOS ONE Editorial policies and criteria.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MUM DG. Performed the experiments: AC CMB. Analyzed the data: AC CMB MUM DG. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: CMB DG AC MUM. Wrote the paper: MUM.