About the Authors

Kim Y. Hung

Affiliation Department of Entomology, University of California Riverside, Riverside, California, United States of America

Themis J. Michailides

Affiliation Kearney Agricultural Research & Extension Center, Parlier, California, United States of America

Jocelyn G. Millar

Affiliation Department of Entomology, University of California Riverside, Riverside, California, United States of America

Astri Wayadande

Affiliation Department of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, Oklahoma, United States of America

Alec C. Gerry

alec.gerry@ucr.edu

Affiliation Department of Entomology, University of California Riverside, Riverside, California, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exists.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: KYH ACG TJM JGM AW. Performed the experiments: KYH. Analyzed the data: KYH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KYH TJM JGM AW ACG. Wrote the paper: KYH ACG.