About the Authors

Sara Ud-Din

Affiliations Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery Research, Manchester Institute of Biotechnology, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom, University Hospital of South Manchester NHS Foundation Trust, Institute of Inflammation and Repair, Faculty of Medical and Human Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester, United Kingdom

Anil Sebastian

Affiliation Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery Research, Manchester Institute of Biotechnology, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom

Pamela Giddings

Affiliation Oxford Bioelectronics, Innovation Centre, Abingdon, United Kingdom

James Colthurst

Affiliation Oxford Bioelectronics, Innovation Centre, Abingdon, United Kingdom

Sigrid Whiteside

Affiliation Medical Statistics, University Hospital South Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom

Julie Morris

Affiliation Medical Statistics, University Hospital South Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom

Richard Nuccitelli

Affiliation BioElectroMed Corporation, Burlingame, CA, United States of America

Christine Pullar

Affiliation Department of Cell Physiology and Pharmacology, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom

Mo Baguneid

Affiliation University Hospital of South Manchester NHS Foundation Trust, Institute of Inflammation and Repair, Faculty of Medical and Human Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester, United Kingdom

Ardeshir Bayat

ardeshir.bayat@manchester.ac.uk

Affiliations Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery Research, Manchester Institute of Biotechnology, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom, University Hospital of South Manchester NHS Foundation Trust, Institute of Inflammation and Repair, Faculty of Medical and Human Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Science Centre, Manchester, United Kingdom, Centre for Dermatology Research, Institute of Inflammation and Repair, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have read the journal's policy and the authors of this manuscript have the following competing interests: Partial funding was provided by Fenzian Ltd. Only authors P. Giddings and J. Colthurst are paid as employees of Fenzian Ltd. Dr. Richard Nuccitelli is employed by BioElectroMed Corporation. No funding was provided by this company. This does not alter the authors' adherence to PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials. The remaining funding was a philanthropic donation which was funded by a generous donation from William Henry Smith of Hambleden. This does not alter the authors' adherence to PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AB JC PG MB. Performed the experiments: SU AS. Analyzed the data: SU AB SW JM AS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JC PG RN CP. Wrote the paper: SU AB AS.