About the Authors

Alexander J. Probst

Contributed equally to this work with: Alexander J. Probst, Thomas Weinmaier

Current address: Department of Earth and Planetary Science, University of California, Berkeley, 307 McCone Hall, CA 94720, United States of America

Affiliation Department for Bioinformatics, Second Genome Inc., South San Francisco, California, United States of America

Thomas Weinmaier

Contributed equally to this work with: Alexander J. Probst, Thomas Weinmaier

Affiliation Department for Bioinformatics, Second Genome Inc., South San Francisco, California, United States of America

Todd Z. DeSantis

Affiliation Department for Bioinformatics, Second Genome Inc., South San Francisco, California, United States of America

Jorge W. Santo Domingo

Santodomingo.Jorge@epa.gov (JWS); Ashbolt@ualberta.ca (NA)

Affiliation U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America

Nicholas Ashbolt

Santodomingo.Jorge@epa.gov (JWS); Ashbolt@ualberta.ca (NA)

Current address: School of Public Health, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB T6E 2G7, Canada

Affiliation U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Cincinnati, Ohio, United States of America

Competing Interests

TD, TW and AP are paid employees of Second Genome, Inc. (www.secondgenome.com). Their association with Second Genome does not alter the authors' adherence to all journal policies. Second Genome is a gastrointestinal therapeutics company with a pipeline of intestinal microbiome modulators that impact metabolic diseases and IBD. The publication of effects of WGA on different environmental microbial communities does not influence the value of any of Second Genome's therapeutic assets.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JSD NA TD. Performed the experiments: JSD AP TW TD. Analyzed the data: JSD AP TW TD NA. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JSD AP TW TD. Wrote the paper: JSD AP TW TD NA.