About the Authors

Sarah R. Cooley

Contributed equally to this work with: Sarah R. Cooley, Jennie E. Rheuban, Deborah R. Hart, Victoria Luu, David M. Glover, Jonathan A. Hare, Scott C. Doney

scooley@oceanconservancy.org

Affiliations Ocean Conservancy, Washington, DC, United States of America, Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, United States of America

Jennie E. Rheuban

Contributed equally to this work with: Sarah R. Cooley, Jennie E. Rheuban, Deborah R. Hart, Victoria Luu, David M. Glover, Jonathan A. Hare, Scott C. Doney

Affiliation Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, United States of America

Deborah R. Hart

Contributed equally to this work with: Sarah R. Cooley, Jennie E. Rheuban, Deborah R. Hart, Victoria Luu, David M. Glover, Jonathan A. Hare, Scott C. Doney

Affiliation NOAA NMFS NEFSC Woods Hole Laboratory, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, United States of America

Victoria Luu

Contributed equally to this work with: Sarah R. Cooley, Jennie E. Rheuban, Deborah R. Hart, Victoria Luu, David M. Glover, Jonathan A. Hare, Scott C. Doney

Affiliation Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Boston College, Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts, United States of America

David M. Glover

Contributed equally to this work with: Sarah R. Cooley, Jennie E. Rheuban, Deborah R. Hart, Victoria Luu, David M. Glover, Jonathan A. Hare, Scott C. Doney

Affiliation Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, United States of America

Jonathan A. Hare

Contributed equally to this work with: Sarah R. Cooley, Jennie E. Rheuban, Deborah R. Hart, Victoria Luu, David M. Glover, Jonathan A. Hare, Scott C. Doney

Affiliation NOAA NMFS NEFSC Narragansett Laboratory, Narragansett, Rhode Island, United States of America

Scott C. Doney

Contributed equally to this work with: Sarah R. Cooley, Jennie E. Rheuban, Deborah R. Hart, Victoria Luu, David M. Glover, Jonathan A. Hare, Scott C. Doney

Affiliation Department of Marine Chemistry and Geochemistry, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, Massachusetts, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: SRC SCD JAH DRH DMG. Performed the experiments: SRC JER VL. Analyzed the data: SRC JER VL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: DRH SCD DMG. Wrote the paper: SRC JER DRH DMG JAH SCD.