About the Authors

Alex Richard Braczkowski

alexander.braczkowski@gmail.com

Affiliations Wildlife Conservation Research Unit, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Recanati-Kaplan Centre, Tubney House, Tubney, Oxford, United Kingdom, Panthera, New York, New York, United States of America

Guy Andrew Balme

Affiliations Panthera, New York, New York, United States of America, Department of Biological Sciences, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch, South Africa

Amy Dickman

Affiliations Wildlife Conservation Research Unit, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Recanati-Kaplan Centre, Tubney House, Tubney, Oxford, United Kingdom, Ruaha Carnivore Project, Iringa, Tanzania

David Whyte Macdonald

Affiliation Wildlife Conservation Research Unit, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Recanati-Kaplan Centre, Tubney House, Tubney, Oxford, United Kingdom

Julien Fattebert

Affiliations Panthera, New York, New York, United States of America, School of Life Sciences, University of Kwazulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

Tristan Dickerson

Affiliation Panthera, New York, New York, United States of America

Paul Johnson

Affiliation Wildlife Conservation Research Unit, Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Recanati-Kaplan Centre, Tubney House, Tubney, Oxford, United Kingdom

Luke Hunter

Affiliations Panthera, New York, New York, United States of America, School of Life Sciences, University of Kwazulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: GAB ARB PJ. Performed the experiments: GAB TD JF ARB. Analyzed the data: ARB JF. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: GAB LH. Wrote the paper: ARB GAB AD JF DWM PJ LH.