About the Authors

Longxiang Su

Contributed equally to this work with: Longxiang Su, Hua Li

Affiliations Department of Respiratory Diseases, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China, Department of Critical Care Medicine, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Peking Union Medical College & Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, China

Hua Li

Contributed equally to this work with: Longxiang Su, Hua Li

Affiliation Clinical Metabolomics Platform, BGI Health, BGI Shenzhen, Shenzhen, China

Aimei Xie

Affiliation Clinical Metabolomics Platform, BGI Health, BGI Shenzhen, Shenzhen, China

Dan Liu

Affiliations Department of Respiratory Diseases, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China, Medical School, Nankai University, Tianjin, China

Weiqiao Rao

Affiliation Clinical Metabolomics Platform, BGI Health, BGI Shenzhen, Shenzhen, China

Liping Lan

Affiliation Clinical Metabolomics Platform, BGI Health, BGI Shenzhen, Shenzhen, China

Xuan Li

Affiliation Clinical Metabolomics Platform, BGI Health, BGI Shenzhen, Shenzhen, China

Fang Li

Affiliation Clinical Metabolomics Platform, BGI Health, BGI Shenzhen, Shenzhen, China

Kun Xiao

Affiliation Department of Respiratory Diseases, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China

Huijuan Wang

Affiliation Department of Respiratory Diseases, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China

Peng Yan

Affiliation Department of Respiratory Diseases, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China

Xin Li

xielx@263.net (LX); lixin301@sina.com (X. Li)

Affiliation Clinical Division of Internal Medicine, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China

Lixin Xie

xielx@263.net (LX); lixin301@sina.com (X. Li)

Affiliation Department of Respiratory Diseases, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: LS LX. Performed the experiments: HL KX HW PY AX WR LL FL Xin Li. Analyzed the data: DL Xin Li. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: HL AX WR LL FL Xuan Li. Wrote the paper: LS LX Xin Li.