About the Authors

Ming-Lung Tsai

Contributed equally to this work with: Ming-Lung Tsai, Chun-Tai Mao

Affiliations Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan

Chun-Tai Mao

Contributed equally to this work with: Ming-Lung Tsai, Chun-Tai Mao

Affiliations Heart Failure Center, Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Keelung, Taiwan, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan

Dong-Yi Chen

Affiliations Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan

I-Chang Hsieh

Affiliations Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan

Ming-Shien Wen

Affiliations Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan

Tien-Hsing Chen

skyheart0826@gmail.com

Affiliations Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan, Taiwan

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MLT CTM THC. Performed the experiments: MLT CTM THC. Analyzed the data: MLT CTM THC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MLT CTM DYC ICH MSW THC. Wrote the paper: MLT THC.