About the Authors

Wen Da Guan

Contributed equally to this work with: Wen Da Guan, Xiao Yan Gong, Chris Ka Pun Mok

Affiliation State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Disease, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China

Xiao Yan Gong

Contributed equally to this work with: Wen Da Guan, Xiao Yan Gong, Chris Ka Pun Mok

Affiliation Department of Pediatric, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China

Chris Ka Pun Mok

Contributed equally to this work with: Wen Da Guan, Xiao Yan Gong, Chris Ka Pun Mok

Affiliations Centre of Influenza Research, School of Public Health, HKU Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China, HKU-Pasteur Research Pole, School of Public Health, HKU Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

Ting Ting Chen

Affiliation State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Disease, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China

Shi Guan Wu

Affiliation State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Disease, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China

Si Hua Pan

Affiliation State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Disease, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China

Benjamin John Cowling

Affiliation Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China

Zi Feng Yang

jeffyah@163.com (ZFY); cdh84@126.com (DHC)

Affiliation State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Disease, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China

De Hui Chen

jeffyah@163.com (ZFY); cdh84@126.com (DHC)

Affiliations State Key Laboratory of Respiratory Disease, National Clinical Research Center for Respiratory Disease, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China, Department of Pediatric, First Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China

Competing Interests

The authors declare that co-author Benjamin Cowling is a PLOS ONE Editorial Board member. This does not alter the authors' adherence to PLOS ONE Editorial policies and criteria.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: WDG XYG ZFY DHC. Performed the experiments: WDG XYG TTC SGW SHP. Analyzed the data: WDG XYG CKPM BJC ZFY DHC. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: ZFY DHC. Wrote the paper: WDG XYG CKPM ZFY DHC.