About the Authors

Jacques C. Mbongue

Affiliations Center for Health Disparities and Molecular Medicine, Department of Basic Sciences, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda, CA, United States of America, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Department of Basic Sciences, Division of Physiology, Loma Linda, CA, United States of America

Dequina A. Nicholas

Affiliations Center for Health Disparities and Molecular Medicine, Department of Basic Sciences, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda, CA, United States of America, Mass Spectrometer Core Facility, Department of Biochemistry, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Department of Basic Sciences, Loma Linda, CA, United States of America

Kangling Zhang

Affiliations Mass Spectrometer Core Facility, Department of Biochemistry, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Department of Basic Sciences, Loma Linda, CA, United States of America, Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, School of Medicine, University of Texas Medical Branch, Galveston, TX, United States of America

Nan-Sun Kim

Affiliations Center for Health Disparities and Molecular Medicine, Department of Basic Sciences, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda, CA, United States of America, Mass Spectrometer Core Facility, Department of Biochemistry, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Department of Basic Sciences, Loma Linda, CA, United States of America, Department of Molecular Biology, Chonbuk National University, Jeon-Ju, Republic of Korea

Brittany N. Hamilton

Affiliations Center for Health Disparities and Molecular Medicine, Department of Basic Sciences, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda, CA, United States of America, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Department of Basic Sciences, Division of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Loma Linda, CA, United States of America

Marco Larios

Affiliation Center for Health Disparities and Molecular Medicine, Department of Basic Sciences, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda, CA, United States of America

Guangyu Zhang

Affiliation Mass Spectrometer Core Facility, Department of Biochemistry, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Department of Basic Sciences, Loma Linda, CA, United States of America

Kazuo Umezawa

Affiliation Aichi Medical University, School of Medicine, Department of Molecular Target Medicine Screening, Nagakute, Aichi, Japan

Anthony F. Firek

Affiliation Endocrinology Section, JL Pettis Memorial VA Medical Center, Loma Linda, CA, United States of America

William H. R. Langridge

blangridge@llu.edu

Affiliations Center for Health Disparities and Molecular Medicine, Department of Basic Sciences, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda, CA, United States of America, Mass Spectrometer Core Facility, Department of Biochemistry, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Loma Linda University School of Medicine, Department of Basic Sciences, Loma Linda, CA, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JCM. Performed the experiments: JCM DAN ML BH KZ NSK GZ. Analyzed the data: JCM DAN. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: KU KZ AF. Wrote the paper: JCM WHRL.