About the Authors

Md. Shafiur Rahman

‡ These authors are co-first authors on this work.

Affiliation Department of Public Health, First Capital University of Bangladesh, Chuadanga, Bangladesh

Shamima Akter

‡ These authors are co-first authors on this work.

Affiliation Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Center for Clinical Sciences, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan

Sarah Krull Abe

Affiliation Department of Global Health Policy, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan

Md. Rafiqul Islam

Affiliation Department of Population Science and Human Resource Development, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh

Md. Nazrul Islam Mondal

Affiliation Department of Population Science and Human Resource Development, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh

J. A. M. Shoquilur Rahman

Affiliation Department of Population Science and Human Resource Development, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh

Md. Mizanur Rahman

mizanur_rub@yahoo.com

Affiliations Department of Global Health Policy, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan, Department of Population Science and Human Resource Development, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MSR SA MMR. Performed the experiments: MSR SA MMR. Analyzed the data: MSR SA MMR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MSR SA MMR. Wrote the paper: MSR SA. Critical revision and discussion: SKA MRI MNIM JAMSR MMR.