About the Authors

Warren N. Fawley

Affiliation Department of Microbiology, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, United Kingdom

C. W. Knetsch

Affiliation Department of Medical Microbiology, Centre of Infectious Diseases, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, Netherlands

Duncan R. MacCannell

Affiliation Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, United States of America

Celine Harmanus

Affiliation Department of Medical Microbiology, Centre of Infectious Diseases, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, Netherlands

Tim Du

Affiliation Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC), Winnipeg, Canada

Michael R. Mulvey

Affiliation Public Health Agency of Canada (PHAC), Winnipeg, Canada

Ashley Paulick

Affiliation Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, United States of America

Lydia Anderson

Affiliation Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), Atlanta, United States of America

E. J. Kuijper

Affiliation Department of Medical Microbiology, Centre of Infectious Diseases, Leiden University Medical Centre, Leiden, Netherlands

Mark H. Wilcox

mark.wilcox@leedsth.nhs.uk

Affiliations Department of Microbiology, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, United Kingdom, Leeds Institute of Molecular Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: WNF MHW EJK CWK TD DRM. Performed the experiments: WNF CWK CH TD DRM AP LA. Analyzed the data: WNF DRM. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: EJK MHW MM DRM. Wrote the paper: WNF MHW.