About the Authors

Humphrey Wanzirah

‡ These authors are joint first authors on this work.

Affiliation Infectious Disease Research Collaboration, Mulago Hospital Complex, Kampala, Uganda

Lucy S. Tusting

lucy.tusting@lshtm.ac.uk

‡ These authors are joint first authors on this work.

Affiliation Department of Disease Control, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Emmanuel Arinaitwe

Affiliation Infectious Disease Research Collaboration, Mulago Hospital Complex, Kampala, Uganda

Agaba Katureebe

Affiliation Infectious Disease Research Collaboration, Mulago Hospital Complex, Kampala, Uganda

Kilama Maxwell

Affiliation Infectious Disease Research Collaboration, Mulago Hospital Complex, Kampala, Uganda

John Rek

Affiliation Infectious Disease Research Collaboration, Mulago Hospital Complex, Kampala, Uganda

Christian Bottomley

Affiliation Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Sarah G. Staedke

Affiliation Department of Clinical Research, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Moses Kamya

Affiliation Department of Medicine, Makerere University College of Health Science, Kampala, Uganda

Grant Dorsey

Affiliation Department of Medicine, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California, United States of America

Steve W. Lindsay

Affiliations Department of Disease Control, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom, School of Biological and Biomedical Sciences, Durham University, Durham, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: GD SWL EA SGS MK. Performed the experiments: HW LST KM JR AK SGS. Analyzed the data: LST CB GD SWL. Wrote the paper: HW LST GD SWL.