About the Authors

Joanna L Schroeder

Affiliations Infrastructure and Environment Research Division, School of Engineering, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom, The Marine Biological Association of the UK, Plymouth, UK

Mary Lunn

Affiliation Infrastructure and Environment Research Division, School of Engineering, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Ameet J Pinto

Affiliation Infrastructure and Environment Research Division, School of Engineering, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Lutgarde Raskin

Affiliation Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America

William T Sloan

William.Sloan@glasgow.ac.uk

Affiliation Infrastructure and Environment Research Division, School of Engineering, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JLS ML AJP WTS. Performed the experiments: JLS ML. Analyzed the data: JLS ML AJP WTS. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: JLS ML AJP WTS. Wrote the paper: JLS ML AJP LR WTS.