About the Authors

David Gathara

dgathara@kemri-wellcome.org

Affiliation KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya

Rachael Nyamai

Affiliation Ministry of Health, Government of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya

Fred Were

Affiliation Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya

Wycliffe Mogoa

Affiliation Ministry of Health, Government of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya

Jamlick Karumbi

Affiliation Ministry of Health, Government of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya

Elesban Kihuba

Affiliation Ministry of Health, Government of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya

Stephen Mwinga

Affiliation Ministry of Health, Government of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya

Jalemba Aluvaala

Affiliations Ministry of Health, Government of Kenya, Nairobi, Kenya, Department of Pediatrics and Child Health, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya

Mercy Mulaku

Affiliation School of Pharmacy, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya

Rose Kosgei

Affiliation Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya

Jim Todd

Affiliation Department of Population Health, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Elizabeth Allen

Affiliation Department of Medical Statistics, London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom

Mike English

Affiliations KEMRI-Wellcome Trust Research Programme, Nairobi, Kenya, Nuffield Department of Medicine & Department of Pediatrics, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom

on behalf of the SIRCLE/Ministry of Health Hospital Survey Group

Membership of the SIRCLE/Ministry of Health Hospital Survey Group is listed in the Acknowledgments.

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: DG RN WM FW SBM JK MM JA RK ME. Performed the experiments: JA DG EK JK MM RK SBM. Analyzed the data: DG JT EA ME. Wrote the paper: DG RN WM FW SBM JK MM JA RK ME JT EA. Contributed to the design of the survey and data collection tools: SIRCLE/Ministry of Health Hospital Survey Group.