About the Authors

Shelagh M. Redmond

Affiliation Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Finkenhubelweg 11, CH‐3012, Bern, Switzerland

Karin Alexander-Kisslig

Affiliation Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Finkenhubelweg 11, CH‐3012, Bern, Switzerland

Sarah C. Woodhall

Affiliation HIV & STI Department, National Centre for Infectious Disease Surveillance and Control, Public Health England, 61 Colindale Avenue, London, NW9 5EQ, United Kingdom

Ingrid V. F. van den Broek

Affiliation Unit of Epidemiology and Surveillance, RIVM/Centre for Infectious Disease Control Netherlands, PO Box 1, 3720 BA, Bilthoven, Netherlands

Jan van Bergen

Affiliation University of Amsterdam, 1012 WX Amsterdam, Netherlands and STI AIDS Netherlands, Keizersgracht 390, 1016 GB, Amsterdam, Netherlands

Helen Ward

Affiliation Infectious Diseases Epidemiology, School of Public Health, Imperial College London, St Mary’s Campus, Norfolk Place, London, W2 1PG, United Kingdom

Anneli Uusküla

Affiliation Department of Public Health, University of Tartu, Ravila 19, 50411, Tartu, Estonia

Björn Herrmann

Affiliation Department of Clinical Microbiology, Uppsala University Hospital, SE‐751 85, Uppsala, Sweden

Berit Andersen

Affiliation Department of Public Health Interventions, Randers Hospital, Skovlyvej, 8900, Randers, Denmark

Hannelore M. Götz

Affiliation Department of Infectious Disease Control, Municipal Public Health Service Rotterdam-Rijnmond, PO Box 70032, 3000 LP, Rotterdam, Netherlands

Otilia Sfetcu

Affiliation European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC), Tomtebodavägen 11 A, 17183, Stockholm, Sweden

Nicola Low

low@ispm.unibe.ch

Affiliation Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Bern, Finkenhubelweg 11, CH‐3012, Bern, Switzerland

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: NL SW JVB HW AU BH BA HG. Performed the experiments: SR KAK SW NL. Analyzed the data: SR NL OS. Wrote the paper: SR NL SW IVDB JVB HW AU BH BA HG OS. Screened titles and abstracts of articles: SR KAK. Data extraction: SR KAK SW.