About the Authors

Margarita Elvira-Recuenco

Affiliation Silviculture and Forest Management Department, Forest Research Center (CIFOR), Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Madrid, Spain

Eugenia Iturritxa

Affiliation Instituto Vasco de Investigación y Desarrollo Agrario (NEIKER), Granja Modelo-Arkaute, Vitoria-Gasteiz, Spain

Juan Majada

Affiliation Forest and Wood Technology Research Center (CETEMAS), Finca Experimental La Mata, Principado de Asturias, Spain

Ricardo Alia

Affiliations Forest Ecology and Genetics Department, Forest Research Center (CIFOR), Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Madrid, Spain, Sustainable Forest Management Research Institute, Palencia, Spain

Rosa Raposo

raposo@inia.es

Affiliation Silviculture and Forest Management Department, Forest Research Center (CIFOR), Instituto Nacional de Investigación y Tecnología Agraria y Alimentaria (INIA), Madrid, Spain

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: MER JM RA RR. Performed the experiments: MER EI RR. Analyzed the data: MER RA RR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: MER EI JM RA RR. Wrote the paper: MER JM RA RR.