About the Authors

Alice Namatovu

Affiliations National Animal Disease Diagnostics and Epidemiology Centre, Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industry and Fisheries, P. O. Box 513, Entebbe, Uganda, Department of Biotechnical and Diagnostic Sciences, College of Veterinary Medicine, Animal Resources and Biosecurity, Makerere University, P. O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda

Kirsten Tjørnehøj

Affiliation National Veterinary Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Lindholm, DK-4771 Kalvehave, Denmark

Graham J. Belsham

grbe@vet.dtu.dk

Affiliation National Veterinary Institute, Technical University of Denmark, Lindholm, DK-4771 Kalvehave, Denmark

Moses T. Dhikusooka

Affiliation National Animal Disease Diagnostics and Epidemiology Centre, Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industry and Fisheries, P. O. Box 513, Entebbe, Uganda

Sabenzia N. Wekesa

Affiliations Department of Environmental Management, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Makerere University, P. O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda, Foot-and-Mouth Disease Laboratory, Ministry of Livestock Development, P. O. Box 18021, Embakasi, Nairobi, Kenya

Vincent B. Muwanika

Affiliation Department of Environmental Management, College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Makerere University, P. O. Box 7062, Kampala, Uganda

Hans R. Siegismund

Affiliation Department of Biology, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen N, DK-2200, Denmark

Chrisostom Ayebazibwe

Affiliation National Animal Disease Diagnostics and Epidemiology Centre, Ministry of Agriculture Animal Industry and Fisheries, P. O. Box 513, Entebbe, Uganda

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: AN CA KT GB HS VM. Performed the experiments: AN CA MD SW. Analyzed the data: AN KT GB HS CA VM. Wrote the paper: MD SW KT GB HS CA VM.