About the Authors

Panayiotis D. Ziakas

Affiliation Division of Infectious Diseases, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America

Fainareti N. Zervou

Affiliation Division of Infectious Diseases, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America

Ioannis M. Zacharioudakis

Affiliation Division of Infectious Diseases, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America

Eleftherios Mylonakis

emylonakis@lifespan.org

Affiliation Division of Infectious Diseases, Warren Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Providence, Rhode Island, United States of America

Competing Interests

Eleftherios Mylonakis reports grant support by Astellas Pharma for studies unrelated to this report and a previous advisory board participation with the same company. This does not alter the authors' adherence to PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials. Eleftherios Mylonakis is a PLOS ONE Editorial Board member. This does not alter the authors' adherence to PLOS ONE Editorial policies and criteria.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: PDZ EM. Analyzed the data: PDZ. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: PDZ IMZ FNZ. Wrote the paper: PDZ IMZ FNZ EM. Performed literature search and collected data: PDZ FNZ IMZ.