About the Authors

Chia-chen Chang

Contributed equally to this work with: Chia-chen Chang, Chau-Ti Ting

Affiliation Department of Entomology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 10617, ROC

Chau-Ti Ting

Contributed equally to this work with: Chia-chen Chang, Chau-Ti Ting

Affiliations Department of Life Science, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 10617, ROC, Genome and Systems Biology Degree Program, Institute of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, and Research Center for Developmental Biology and Regeneration Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 10617, ROC

Ching-Ho Chang

Affiliation Department of Life Science, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 10617, ROC

Shu Fang

zofang@sinica.edu.tw (SF); hwei@ntu.edu.tw (HYC)

Affiliation Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan 11529, ROC

Hwei-yu Chang

zofang@sinica.edu.tw (SF); hwei@ntu.edu.tw (HYC)

Affiliations Department of Entomology, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan 10617, ROC, Biodiversity Research Center, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan 11529, ROC

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: HC SF CC CTT. Performed the experiments: CC CTT CHC HC. Analyzed the data: SF CC CTT HC. Wrote the paper: SF CTT CC HC.