About the Authors

Timothy N. Kruse

Affiliation The University of Washington School of Medicine, 1959 N. E. Pacific Street, Seattle, WA, 98195, United States of America

Rickey E. Carter

Affiliation Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN, 55905, United States of America

Jordan K. Rosedahl

Affiliation Department of Health Sciences Research, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN, 55905, United States of America

Michael J. Joyner

Joyner.Michael@Mayo.edu

Affiliation Department of Anesthesiology, Mayo Clinic, 200 First Street SW, Rochester, MN, 55905, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: TNK MJJ REC. Performed the experiments: TNK MJJ. Analyzed the data: TNK MJJ REC JKR. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: TNK MJJ REC JKR. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: TNK MJJ REC.