About the Authors

Fei Yang

Affiliation Department of Entomology, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 70803, United States of America

David L. Kerns

Affiliation Macon Ridge Research Station, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Winnsboro, Louisiana, 71295, United States of America

Graham P. Head

Affiliation Monsanto Company, St. Louis, Missouri, 63167, United States of America

B. Rogers Leonard

Affiliation Department of Entomology, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 70803, United States of America

Ronnie Levy

Affiliation Dean Lee Research Station, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Alexandria, Louisiana, 71302, United States of America

Ying Niu

Affiliation Department of Entomology, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 70803, United States of America

Fangneng Huang

fhuang@agcenter.lsu.edu

Affiliation Department of Entomology, Louisiana State University Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, Louisiana, 70803, United States of America

Competing Interests

F.H. received research funding related to this project from Monsanto, the Louisiana Soybean and Feed Grain Promotion Board, and the hatch funds from the USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture. G.P.H. has an affiliation to one of the financial supporters of this study. This does not alter the authors’ adherence to PLOS ONE policies on sharing data and materials.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: FY DLK GPH BRL FH. Performed the experiments: FY DLK BRL RL YN FH. Analyzed the data: FY FH. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: FY DLK GPH BRL RL FH. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: FY GPH FH. Discussed the results and commented on the manuscript: FY DLK GPH BRL RL YN FH.