About the Authors

Umaima Al-Alem

Affiliation Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Garth Rauscher

Affiliation Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Ebony Shah

Affiliation Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States of America

Ken Batai

Affiliation Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States of America

Abeer Mahmoud

Affiliations Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America, Department of Pathology, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Erin Beisner

Affiliation College of Medicine, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Abigail Silva

Affiliations Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America, Edward Hines, Jr. VA Hospital, Hines, Illinois, United States of America

Caryn Peterson

Affiliation Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, United States of America

Rick Kittles

rkittles@email.arizona.edu

Affiliation Department of Surgery, Division of Urology, University of Arizona, Tucson, Arizona, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: UA GR RK. Performed the experiments: UA ES AM EB. Analyzed the data: UA GR RK ES KB AM AS CP. Wrote the paper: UA GR RK ES KB AM AS CP.