About the Authors

Jiaming Lan

These authors are co-first authors on this work.

Affiliations Key Laboratory of Medical Virology, Ministry of Health, National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, China CDC, Beijing 102206, China, Department of Pathogenic Biology, Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang 050017, China

Yao Deng

These authors are co-first authors on this work.

Affiliation Key Laboratory of Medical Virology, Ministry of Health, National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, China CDC, Beijing 102206, China

Hong Chen

These authors are co-first authors on this work.

Affiliation Key Laboratory of Medical Virology, Ministry of Health, National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, China CDC, Beijing 102206, China

Guangwen Lu

These authors are co-first authors on this work.

Affiliation CAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China

Wen Wang

Affiliation Key Laboratory of Medical Virology, Ministry of Health, National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, China CDC, Beijing 102206, China

Xiaojuan Guo

Affiliation Key Laboratory of Medical Virology, Ministry of Health, National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, China CDC, Beijing 102206, China

Zhuozhuang Lu

Affiliation Key Laboratory of Medical Virology, Ministry of Health, National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, China CDC, Beijing 102206, China

George F. Gao

tanwj28@163.com (WT); gaof@im.ac.cn (GG)

Affiliation CAS Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China

Wenjie Tan

tanwj28@163.com (WT); gaof@im.ac.cn (GG)

Affiliation Key Laboratory of Medical Virology, Ministry of Health, National Institute for Viral Disease Control and Prevention, China CDC, Beijing 102206, China

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: JL YD GL GG WT. Performed the experiments: JL YD HC WW XG ZL. Analyzed the data: JL YD XG WT. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: HC GL WW XG ZL. Contributed to the writing of the manuscript: JL YD GL GG WT.