About the Authors

Wenzhuo Y. Wang

Contributed equally to this work with: Wenzhuo Y. Wang, Kensei Komatsu, Yuxian Huang

Affiliations Center for Inflammation, Immunity & Infection, Institute for Biomedical Sciences, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York, United States of America

Kensei Komatsu

Contributed equally to this work with: Wenzhuo Y. Wang, Kensei Komatsu, Yuxian Huang

Affiliation Center for Inflammation, Immunity & Infection, Institute for Biomedical Sciences, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Yuxian Huang

Contributed equally to this work with: Wenzhuo Y. Wang, Kensei Komatsu, Yuxian Huang

yxhuang@fudan.edu.cn (YH); jdli@gsu.edu (JDL)

Affiliations Department of Infectious Disease, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China, Department of Viral Hepatitis, Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center, Fudan University, Shanghai, China

Jing Wu

Affiliation Department of Infectious Disease, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China

Wenhong Zhang

Affiliation Department of Infectious Disease, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China

Ji-Yun Lee

Affiliation Center for Inflammation, Immunity & Infection, Institute for Biomedical Sciences, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Masanori Miyata

Affiliation Center for Inflammation, Immunity & Infection, Institute for Biomedical Sciences, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Haidong Xu

Affiliation Center for Inflammation, Immunity & Infection, Institute for Biomedical Sciences, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Jian-Dong Li

yxhuang@fudan.edu.cn (YH); jdli@gsu.edu (JDL)

Affiliation Center for Inflammation, Immunity & Infection, Institute for Biomedical Sciences, Georgia State University, Atlanta, Georgia, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: WYW KK YH JDL. Performed the experiments: WYW KK YH JW WZ JYL MM. Analyzed the data: WYW KK YH JW WZ JYL MM HX JDL. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: HX. Wrote the paper: WYW KK JDL.