About the Authors

Gage O. Leighton

Affiliation Department of Physics and Optical Science, University of North Carolina, Charlotte, North Carolina, United States of America

Tatiana A. Konnova

Affiliations Department of Physics and Optical Science, University of North Carolina, Charlotte, North Carolina, United States of America, Kazan Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Kazan, Russian Federation

Bulat Idiyatullin

Affiliation Kazan Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Kazan, Russian Federation

Sophia H. Hurr

Affiliation Department of Physics and Optical Science, University of North Carolina, Charlotte, North Carolina, United States of America

Yuriy F. Zuev

Affiliation Kazan Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Kazan, Russian Federation

Irina V. Nesmelova

Irina.Nesmelova@uncc.edu

Current address: Department of Physics and Optical Science, University of North Carolina, Charlotte, North Carolina, United States of America

Affiliations Department of Physics and Optical Science, University of North Carolina, Charlotte, North Carolina, United States of America, Center for Biomedical Engineering and Science, University of North Carolina, Charlotte, North Carolina, United States of America

Competing Interests

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

Author Contributions

Conceived and designed the experiments: IVN YFZ GOL TAK. Performed the experiments: GOL TAK BI SHH YFZ IVN. Analyzed the data: GOL TAK BI SHH YFZ IVN. Contributed reagents/materials/analysis tools: IVN. Wrote the paper: GOL TAK BI SHH YFZ IVN.